There is a belief that if a child has chubby cheeks it is healthy in good shape. This is OK till some moment but we need to be aware that overweight is a huge problem these days and that children are not an exception.
Overweight is a serious illness and it affects everybody. The thing with children is that later it may lead to obesity, diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases. The Early Nutrition project conducted by the European Union in alarming that the number of overweight children all around the world is huge and still it is increasing.
Hepatology and nutrition doctor Bethold V. Koletzko which is president of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology in a press conference held at 20th of April 2015 said that the nutrition of the babies in the first 1000 days is the most important part of their lives.
Also he added that fast increasing of the baby’s weight may lead to obesity later it life.
This is especially true for babies which are fed with formula because of the proteins which it contains.
There was a study carried on 6 infants. Three of them were breastfeed and 3 were on formula. The research continued till they were 6 years old.
The data from this study showed that the children who were on formula had increased body mass index compared to the one who were breastfeed. On the other hand formula with lower protein normalized the mass index and reduced obesity.
Dr. Koletzko said that breastfeeding lowers the risk of obesity compared with bottle feeding and this is why it is the best for children nutrition.
- Infant feeding has powerful long-term programming effects, with very large effect sizes on obesity at early school age;
- Breastfeeding appears to causally protect against later obesity which seems mediated in part by protein supply;
- Therefore, breastfeeding should be actively promoted, protected and supported;
- Infants not fully breastfed should get infant formulae with reduced protein contents but high protein quality;
- The feeding of unmodified cows’ milk as a drink should be avoided in the first year of life whenever possible, because cow’s milk contains three times as much protein as human milk.
Infants have different nutrition needs than us and this is why we have to adjust the food we feed them according to it. For them the best is the food to be of high quality but in small amounts.